ミニ英語講座20

In the last blog we talked about debates.  Do you remember the topic?  It was “smoking should be banned in public places”.  This is an example of a controversial topic. Do you know what controversial means?  It means a topic or idea or that many people disagree on.  Another example of a recent controversial topic in Japan would be: “US military bases in Okinawa”.  In this topic, many people think the bases are a bad idea, but other people think the bases are a good idea.  Because many people disagree on controversial topics, they are often used for debates to create a lively discussion.  The word controversial is often used in different forms in newspapers or on the TV news, so it is a useful word to remember.  
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Can you match the different forms of the word with the sentences? (answers will be in the next blog)

Example:
1) Some dangerous sports such as boxing are                        .
ANSWER a) controversial (adjective)

2) There is a lot of                      about hunting whales for food.
3) The politician spoke                        about the use of nuclear weapons.
4) This is a very                          subject. I don’t think we should discuss it with the new employees.

Different forms:
a) controversial (adjective)
b) controversy (noun)
c) controversially (adverb)
 

TIP: Be careful when talking about controversial topics in everyday conversation. Usually we wouldn’t talk about them with people that we have just met or don’t know very well.

Answers to last blog's questions:
2) quote the information source 
a) According to an American Heart Foundation study done in 2002, 25% of smokers developed health problems after the age of 60…

3) use repetition for extra stress 
d) It’s a fact that smoking causes cancer. It’s a fact that smoking causes heat disease cancer. It’s a fact that smoking causes respiratory problems…

4) appeal to common-sense 
c) We agree that smoking is bad for your health, but as everybody knows, in a democratic society people should have the right to act freely….

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